Practitioner Resources: Corticosteroids–Focused

Information Regarding Drug Usage – Links to Abstracts and Research Articles


Local steroid treatment of allergic diseases of the upper respiratory tract.

Structure-activity relationships of topically active steroids: the selection of fluticasone propionate.

Other anti-inflammatory uses of intranasal corticosteroids in upper respiratory inflammatory diseases.


Budesonide foam versus budesonide enema in active ulcerative proctitis and proctosigmoiditis.

Effect of budesonide enema on remission and relapse rate in distal ulcerative colitis and proctitis.

Oral viscous budesonide: a potential new therapy for eosinophilic esophagitis in children.

Topical viscous budesonide suspension for treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis.


Palliative treatment of fingernail lichen planus.

Oral and topical L-phenylalanine, clobetasol propionate, and UVA/sunlight–a new study for the treatment of vitiligo.

Topical clobetasol propionate in the treatment of psoriasis: a review of newer formulations.


Promotion of second intention wound healing by emu oil lotion: comparative results with furasin, polysporin, and cortisone.


Temporomandibular joint iontophoresis: a double-blind randomized clinical trial.

Treatment of plantar fasciitis by iontophoresis of 0.4% dexamethasone. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

Relative importance of antibiotic and improved clearance in topical treatment of chronic mucopurulent rhinosinusitis. A controlled study.

Corticosteroids in the management of upper respiratory allergy: the emerging role of steroid nasal sprays.

Aerosols in the treatment of obstructive pulmonary disease.

Local application of corticosteroids in aimed treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Double-blind study of clinical and functional respiratory effects of dexamethasone isonicotinate aerosol.

Whole-body plethysmography studies on the effect of various inhalable corticosteroids in obstructive respiratory tract diseases.

Modern aerosols in the treatment of obstructive respiratory tract diseases.


The effect of intranasal fluticasone propionate irrigations on salivary cortisol, intraocular pressure, and posterior subcapsular cataracts in postsurgical chronic rhinosinusitis patients.

A randomized double-blind study to compare the effects of nasal fluticasone and betamethasone on the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis and bone turnover in patients with nasal polyposis.

Fluticasone furoate nasal spray in the treatment of allergic rhinitis.

The effect of topical fluticasone on nasal nitric oxide levels in a patient with allergic rhinitis.

Episodic viral wheeze in preschool children: effect of topical nasal corticosteroid prophylaxis.

The pharmacological basis for the treatment of perennial allergic rhinitis and non-allergic rhinitis with topical corticosteroids.

Randomized trial of inhaled fluticasone propionate in chronic stable pulmonary sarcoidosis: a pilot study.

Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy wholly abated with one week twice daily application of fluticasone propionate lotion: A case report and review of the literature

Fluticasone (Flonase®).

Fluticasone topical (Rx).

Fluticasone Propionate.

Other anti-inflammatory uses of intranasal corticosteroids in upper respiratory inflammatory diseases.


Efficacy of systemic corticosteroid treatment for anosmia with nasal and paranasal sinus disease.

Local and systemic administration of corticosteroids in the treatment of olfactory loss.

Topical steroid drops for the treatment of sinus ostia stenosis in the postoperative period.

The effect of nasal packing and prednisolone on mucosal healing and reciliation in a sheep model.

Efficacy of systemic corticosteroid treatment for anosmia with nasal and paranasal sinus disease.

Triamcinolone Acetonide

Formulation and efficacy of triamcinolone acetonide mouthwash for treating oral lichen planus.

Trichloroacetic acid

The use of chemical peelings in the treatment of different cutaneous hyperpigmentations.

General Corticosteroids

Treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis with inhaled corticosteroids.

Topical corticosteroids applied with a squirt system are more effective than a nasal spray for steroid-dependent olfactory impairment.

Pressure-pulsed inhalation corticosteroid therapy in olfactory disorders: how we do it.

Are there any good treatments for keloid scarring after sternotomy

Clinical applications of basic research that shows reducing skin tension could prevent and treat abnormal scarring: the importance of fascial/subcutaneous tensile reduction sutures and flap surgery for keloid and hypertrophic scar reconstruction

Hypertrophic scar in a dog: histological and clinical features

595nm pulsed dye laser combined with intralesional corticosteroids in hypertrophic symptomatic scars following breast reduction surgery

Standard guidelines of care: Keloids and hypertrophic scars

Management of hypertrophic scars and keloids

Phase 2 cross-over multicenter trial on the efficacy and safety of topical cyanoacrylates compared with topical silicone gel in the prevention of pathologic scars

The cost effectiveness of intralesional steroid therapy for keloids

The effect of combined steroid and calcium channel blocker injection on human hypertrophic scars in animal model: a new strategy for the treatment of hypertrophic scars

Medical and surgical management of keloids: a review

Perioperative conditions affect long-term hypertrophic scar formation

Surgical excision and immediate postoperative radiotherapy versus cryotherapy and intralesional steroids in the management of keloids: a prospective clinical trial

Scar tissue

A comparative study evaluating the tolerability and efficacy of two topical therapies for the treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars

Letter: further options for treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids

The role of full-thickness skin grafting and steroid injection in the treatment of auricular keloids

The most current algorithms for the treatment and prevention of hypertrophic scars and keloids

A review of the effectiveness of antimitotic drug injections for hypertrophic scars and keloids

Auricular keloids: treatment and results

Management of keloids and hypertrophic scars

Efficacy of intralesional 5-fluorouracil and triamcinolone in the treatment of keloids

Successful treatment of earlobe keloids in the pediatric population

Intralesional triamcinolone alone or in combination with 5-fluorouracil for the treatment of keloid and hypertrophic scars

An open, randomized, controlled, comparative study of the combined effect of intralesional triamcinolone acetonide and onion extract gel and intralesional triamcinolone acetonide alone in the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids

Comparison of intralesional verapamil with intralesional triamcinolone in the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids

Evaluating the tolerability and efficacy of etanercept compared to triamcinolone acetonide for the intralesional treatment of keloids

Morphological analysis of the connective tissue reaction in linear hypertrophic scars treated with intralesional steroid or silicone-gel sheeting. A light and electron microscopic study

The use of corticosteroids to treat keloids: a review

Poiseuille’s law and large-bore needles: insights into the delivery of corticosteroid injections in the treatment of keloids

Effects of interferon-alpha2b on keloid treatment with triamcinolone acetonide intralesional injection

Treatment of postdermabrasion facial hypertrophic and keloid scars with intralesional 5-Fluorouracil injections

Role of liquid nitrogen alone compared with combination of liquid nitrogen and intralesional triamcinolone acetonide in treatment of small keloids

A comparative clinical study of the treatment of hypertrophic scars with either intralaesional steroid or silicone gel sheeting

A review of the biologic effects, clinical efficacy, and safety of silicone elastomer sheeting for hypertrophic and keloid scar treatment and management

Current methods of treatment and prevention of pathologic scars

Head and neck keloid: treatment by core excision and delayed intralesional injection of steroid

Current use of steroids in management of abnormal raised skin scars

Betamethasone cream for the treatment of pre-pubertal labial adhesions

New combination of triamcinolone, 5-Fluorouracil, and pulsed-dye laser for treatment of keloid and hypertrophic scars

Safety and efficacy of local administration of contractubex to hypertrophic scars in comparison to corticosteroid treatment. Results of a multicenter, comparative epidemiological cohort study in Germany

Combined therapy in the treatment of auricular keloids

New technique for injecting corticosteroid in keloids scarring

Long-term outcome of intralesional injection of triamcinolone acetonide for the treatment of keloid scars in Asian patients

Keloid pathogenesis and treatment

Treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars

An open label study of clobetasol propionate 0.05% and betamethasone valerate 0.12% foams in the treatment of mild to moderate acne keloidalis

Hypertrophic and keloidal scars: an approach to polytherapy

The effects of mitomycin C and 5-fluorouracil/triamcinolone on fibrosis/scar tissue formation secondary to subglottic trauma (experimental study)

Successful management of vulvar adhesions with potent topical corticosteroids: a case report

Medical and surgical therapies for keloids.

Intralesional 5-fluorouracil in the treatment of keloid scars

Dietary compounds inhibit proliferation and contraction of keloid and hypertrophic scar-derived fibroblasts in vitro: therapeutic implication for excessive scarring

Hypertrophic scars and keloids: etiology and management

Laser scar revision: comparison study of 585-nm pulsed dye laser with and without intralesional corticosteroids

A comparison of the combined effect of cryotherapy and corticosteroid injections versus corticosteroids and cryotherapy alone on keloids: a controlled study

Treatment response of keloidal and hypertrophic sternotomy scars: comparison among intralesional corticosteroid, 5-fluorouracil, and 585-nm flashlamp-pumped pulsed-dye laser treatments

Treatment of scars by steroid injections

Nonoperative techniques for scar management and revision

Scar contractures, hypertrophic scars, and keloids

Experience with difficult keloids

Treatment of keloid scars with pulsed dye laser and intralesional steroid

Keloids and hypertrophic scars: results with intraoperative and serial postoperative corticosteroid injection therapy

Treatment of inflamed hypertrophic scars using intralesional 5-FU

The treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids

Hypertrophic scars and keloids

Acute and chronic animal models for excessive dermal scarring: quantitative studies

Aetiology and management of hypertrophic scars and keloids

Effect of injection of triamcinolone on type 1 procollagen and fibronectin in scar tissue

Prevention of earlobe keloid recurrence with postoperative corticosteroid injections versus radiation therapy: a randomized, prospective study and review of the literature

Treatment of hypertrophic and keloid scars

A comparison of intralesional triamcinolone and cryosurgery in the treatment of acne keloids

Treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars. Pilot study with intralesional Lipotalon injections

Keloids and hypertrophic scars

Scars and keloids

Intra- and postoperative steroid injections for keloids and hypertrophic scars

Topical corticosteroids. Which drug and when

Cortisone jet injection as therapy of hypertrophic scars and keloids

Treatment methods of keloid and hypertrophic scar formation

Evaluation of the effect of topical steroids on human scar contracture using a nude mouse model

Treatment of keloids by single intraoperative perilesional injection of repository steroid

Conservative therapy of scars and wrinkles

A protocol for the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids

Clinico-pathological evaluation of keloids treated with intralesional injections of corticoid

Prevention of hypertrophic scarring

Dose-dependent effects of short-term methylprednisolone on myocardial infarct extent, scar formation, and ventricular function

Treatment of keloid scars by combined cryosurgery and intralesional corticosteroids

Facial keloids and their management

The valve of prednisone in the prevention of scarring after vasovasostomy

Betamethasone in the treatment of hypertrophic scars

Combined modalities in the management of hypertrophic scars and keloids

The combined use of cryosurgery and intralesional injections of suspensions of fluorinated adrenocorticosteroids for reducing keloids and hypertrophic scars

Treatment of keloids and some skin diseases with topical injections of triamcinolone

The place of intralesional steroid therapy in dermatology

Healing of surgical wounds of the skin of rats after topical application of hydrocortisone, prednisolone and triamcinolone in identical concentrations and associated with an antibiotic

Treatment of cheloids and cheloid scars with intralesional corticoid injections

Use of corticoids in local treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids in children

Silicone fluid and steroids in the prevention of adhesions

The action of fluocinolone acetonide upon scar tissue formation

The treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars by corticosteroids

Pharmacodynamic effect of a preparation of cartilage on scar formation in normal experimental wounds and in scar formation delayed by cortisone

Decreased scar formation with topical corticosteroid treatment

The treatment of hyposmia with intranasal steroids.

General Corticosteroids—Stretch Marks

Aldosterone and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists modulate elastin and collagen deposition in human skin

Ulceration of Striae distensae in high-grade glioma patients on concurrent systemic corticosteroid and bevacizumab therapy

Elastotic striae associated with striae distensae after application of very potent topical corticosteroids

Treatment outcome using prednisone in corticosteroid-responsive primary nephrotic syndrome in children

Cosmetic use of skin depigmentation products in Africa

Extensive striae distensae as a result of topical corticosteroid therapy in psoriasis vulgaris

A case of edematous striae distensae in lupus nephritis

Effects of mometasone furoate on human keratinocytes and fibroblasts in vitro